Officer elected

Officer elected

Andy Rogers has been elected unopposed to replace Ana. We thank Ana for her hard work, and welcome Andy to the management of FLUG. Andy is currently the Lead Interventional MPE at Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust and also the immediate past-President of the British Institute of Radiology. He currently chairs the UK working group investigating how best to set DRLs in interventional procedures. He was recently on an international standards organisation IEC working group to represent the UK in a project looking at the use of dose data held in digital imaging modalities along with being a member of an ICRP working group that has published a report on Diagnostic Reference Levels. He is also a full member of the IEC Maintenance Team for interventional x-ray equipment. His current research interests are observer studies, skin dose assessment and optimisation in interventional cardiology and radiology. ...
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Video Swallow Protocol

Video Swallow Protocol

At FLUG 2017 Hazel Gray from Barking, Havering and Redbridge NHS Trust presented her work on the effects of higher pulse rates on radiation dose and detection of aspiration and penetration in video fluoroscopy. For full details please refer to the slides that Hazel presented at FLUG 2017 which are available for members to view. Hazel has kindly agreed to share their protocol which is available below. We would ask that if any members do make use of Hazel’s protocol that they kindly contact her directly. FLUG officers can provide contact details on request. Feature image source: Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Therapy for Dysphagia Caused by Wilson's Disease. Lee SY, Yang HE, Yang HS, Lee SH, Jeung HW, Park YO - Ann Rehabil Med (2012). CC-BY-NC 3.0...
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FLUG 2017 – IPEM Evidence Based QA Working Party – Fluoroscopy and Fluorography – dosimetry; Mark Worrall

FLUG 2017 – IPEM Evidence Based QA Working Party – Fluoroscopy and Fluorography – dosimetry; Mark Worrall

  Background There is little evidence in peer reviewed literature to support the efficacy of many of the tests of x-ray equipment performed routinely by medical physics departments. Current guidance is based on the substantial experience of the members of working parties involved in writing IPEM report 91 and the IPEM report 32 series. The aim of this working party is to produce evidence that would support any future revisions of IPEM Reports 91 and 32. The specific focus of this workstream is on the efficacy of routine tests in fluoroscopy and fluorography. Methods A pro-forma for data collection was devised, tested and revised by the working party. The final pro-forma contained fields to collect data relating to all tests routinely undertaken on fluoroscopy and fluorography equipment. The fields were designed to accept simple pass/fail or the quantitative result, whichever was most appropriate for each specific test. The pro-forma was developed in such a way that as much or as little information could...
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FLUG 2017 – IPEM Evidence Based QA Working Party – Fluoroscopy and Fluorography – image quality; Daniel Shaw

FLUG 2017 – IPEM Evidence Based QA Working Party – Fluoroscopy and Fluorography – image quality; Daniel Shaw

  Background There is little evidence in peer reviewed literature to support the efficacy of many of the tests of x-ray equipment performed routinely by medical physics departments. Current guidance is based on the substantial experience of the members of working parties involved in writing IPEM report 91 and the IPEM report 32 series. The aim of this working party is to produce evidence that would support any future revisions of IPEM Reports 91 and 32. The specific focus of this workstream is on the efficacy of routine tests in fluoroscopy and fluorography. Methods A pro-forma for data collection was devised, tested and revised by the working party. The final pro-forma contained fields to collect data relating to all tests routinely undertaken on fluoroscopy and fluorography equipment. The fields were designed to accept simple pass/fail or the quantitative result, whichever was most appropriate for each specific test. The pro-forma was developed in such a way that as much or as little information could...
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FLUG 2017 – A Novel Quantitative Measurement of Image Quality in Fluoroscopy; Patrick Kenny

FLUG 2017 – A Novel Quantitative Measurement of Image Quality in Fluoroscopy; Patrick Kenny

  Measuring image quality on modern flat panel fluoroscopy systems is challenging. Accurate measurements using the Leeds TO10 must use a small range of prescribed settings of beam quality (kV & added copper). Often these are not always easily achieved on newer systems. Also, TO10 analysis involves estimating the Threshold Contrast Index HT(A), which is a subjective estimate of the image’s signal to noise ratio. It is the inverse of the product of the square root of the disc area times its nominal contrast, as derived from Rose’s model of imaging. Finally, a typical measurement error of about 15% is associated with such an estimate of HT(A). More recently we are beginning to use the NEMA XR-27 protocol in which ‘for-processing’ images can be used to calculate MTF, NNPS & DQE etc. However, while representing a welcome development, such measurements do not address the effects of image processing applied prior to image presentation. It is in some ways an interim...
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FLUG 2017 – Digital Angiography: Hunting for Ghosts; David Costello

FLUG 2017 – Digital Angiography: Hunting for Ghosts; David Costello

  Low dose Angiography (LDA) systems rely on significant recursive filtration (aka temporal averaging) to maintain image quality. The use of this type of processing is specific to the imaging application (cardiac, neuro, vascular…) and can be varied by the system vendor. In situations of rapid motion, such processing can have a detrimental effect on images obtained, producing temporal ghosting. LDA enables the use of lower kV and mAs resulting in lower patient and staff doses. It also allows manufacturers to overcome output limitations when using smaller focal spots. While the benefits are clear very little work has been carried out in relation to the drawbacks of this approach. This work aims to examine the impact of recursive filtration on moving targets in LDA systems. Common test objects such as the Leeds Test Objects do not allow for the dynamic assessment of Image ghosting. In this study, a modified NEMA Cardiology Phantom and an in-house linear motion phantom were used...
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FLUG 2017 – Assessment of the detectability of a moving guidewire in fluoroscopically-guided procedures using a mathematical model observer; Nick Ryckx

FLUG 2017 – Assessment of the detectability of a moving guidewire in fluoroscopically-guided procedures using a mathematical model observer; Nick Ryckx

Presentation to come   Background Fluoroscopically-guided procedures are among the most irradiating medical interventions using ionising radiation. As such, a fair amount of pressure is put on reducing patient dose, either by adapting the protocols implemented in the units, or by heavy technical upgrades allowing for online image processing and subsequent patient exposure reduction. The downside is a potential loss in image information content, leading to either longer procedure times or, worse, increased volumes of injected contrast medium. To our knowledge, there is no existing quantity able to properly assess the visibility of moving structures in fluoroscopic images. This work proposes a new method to measure image quality using a clinically relevant detection task in dynamic conditions. Methods Our test object consists of a 3 mm thick and 250 mm wide PMMA square plate, with a 1 mm deep groove along one of the diagonals. The groove is used to straighten a 0.014” thick coronary guidewire. The plate is attached to a dedicated motion...
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